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Fitness – The 5 Elements of a Balanced Fitness Program

Aerobics balances the 5 elements for ideal health. Make sure your exercises include aerobic fitness, muscular fitness, stretching, fitness for the middle part of the body (core fitness), and balance training for a balanced workout that will help you shed your weight and stay in shape for a longer period of time.

  • Aerobic fitness is the backbone of most workout routines. Aerobic exercise, also called cardiovascular or resistance exercises, is the basis of most trainings. They make you breathe faster and deeper, which maximizes the amount of oxygen in the blood. Aerobic exercises include any activity that involves physical training of large muscle groups: walking, running, cycling, swimming, dancing, and water aerobics.
  • Strength training is great for muscle fitness. This is another key component of a balanced workout. Strength training made at least 2 times a week helps increase bone and muscle strength, maintaining muscle mass during a weight loss program. To save money and time a set of adjustable dumbbells can help. You can also try your own weight pushups, crunches and genuflections.
  • Stretching helps your body maintain its flexibility. Since most activities lead to muscle contraction and relaxation, it is important to stretch your muscles. This improves the range of motion of joints and helps remove stress. Before stretching try warming-up for 5-10 minutes. Yoga exercises are very good for stretching.
  • Fitness for the middle of the body. The muscles of the abdomen, lower back and pelvis help protect the back and they also connect the lower and upper parts of the body. The exercises for the middle are essential for a balanced program.
  • Balance training. You can be powerful, flexible and fit, but you must have and balance, especially as it tends to deteriorate with age, which can lead to falls and fractures. Stand on one foot for long periods to improve balance. You can try tai chi and yoga.

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